Resources, Infrastructure Systems and built Environments

Department of Civil & Structural Engineering

ENCORE Network +

Details

The Engineering Complexity Resilience Network plus

Complexity Science is….

the scientific study of complex systems, systems with many parts that interact to produce global behaviour that cannot easily be explained in terms of interactions between the individual constituent elements. Complex systems include IT networks, ecosystems, brains, markets, cities and businesses. (http://www.complexity.ecs.soton.ac.uk/)

…an effort to discern and theorize common patterns in complex systems from mutiple scientific perspectives. (Krakauer, D.)

Resilience has many definitions

the capability of a system to maintain its functions and structure in the face of internal and external change and to degrade gracefully when it must (Allenby & Fink)

a system’s ability to adjust its activity to retain its basic functionality when errors, failures and environmental changes occur, is a defining property of many complex systems (Barabasi)

In the context of Network Theory:

…the current analytical framework of resilience is designed to treat low-dimmensional models with a few interacting components, and is unsuitable for multi-dimmensional systems consisting of a large number of compments that interact through a complex network. (Barabasi)

What are our objectives?

• Define the big engineering challenges related to risk and uncertainty that complexity science can help address by developing a world class platform for the research and development of CES and identify the specific areas of focus to deliver this;

• Taking a “methods orientated” approach identify, specify and articulate the need for new tools and techniques that exploit Complexity Science for CES.

• Work from the beginning to establish a network that is sustainable beyond the initial three year funding period through identification and pursuit of 5 grant proposals.

Further information can be found on our website: encorecomplexity.org

Follow us on Twitter: @encore_network 

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ENCORE has recently been involved with the Resilience Shift Programme - an initiative led by Arup with support from the Lloyd’s Register Foundation to address the recommendations of a Foresight review of resilience engineering. This identified the need to develop trans‑disciplinary solution pathways that can ultimately enable "resilience by design". In 2017, a call for scoping studies was launched on the theme of "Resilience within and between critical infrastructure". Dr Giuliano Punzo and Prof Martin Mayfield joined a team of SME's and academics from Warwick & Brunel University to produce a report titled 'Flood Resilience: Consolidating Knowledge Between and Within Critical Infrastructure Sectors'. 

Sponsor

EPSRC

Research area(s)

Project dates

Start date: 
January 2016
End date: 
January 2019

People involved

Professor Liz Varga (Cranfield University)
Dr Anurag Tewari (Cranfield University)
Professor Alan Purvis (Durham University)
Professor Massimiliano Vasile (Strathclyde University)

Publication(s)

Ant Parsons, Dr Jonathan Pearson, Prof Martin Mayfield, Dr Giuliano Punzo, Dr. Phil Collins, Dr Geoff Brighty, Dr. Giovanni Cuomo, Simon Jeavons (2017). Flood Resilience: Consolidating Knowledge Between and Within Critical Infrastructure Sectors, (Full Text)., Abstract: Flood resilience has been rising up the political, economic and social agenda’s over the last 12+...
Ant Parsons, Dr Jonathan Pearson, Prof Martin Mayfield, Dr Giuliano Punzo, Dr. Phil Collins, Dr Geoff Brighty, Dr. Giovanni Cuomo, Simon Jeavons (2017). Flood Resilience: Consolidating Knowledge Between and Within Critical Infrastructure Sectors, (Full Text)., Abstract: Flood resilience has been rising up the political, economic and social agenda’s over the last 12+...